Book’ s day celebrations dates from the beginning of the 20th century. The history of books turns into a festivity and literary activities which take place all over Spain. Book’s day is celebrated nowadays all around the world on the 23rd of April.
The origin of Book’ s day dates from 1926. On the 23th of April some very important writers of the history of literature died, such as Cervantes, Shakespeare and Garcilaso de la Vega. In the same day also many other writers were born –or died- such as Maurice Druon, K. Laxness, Vladimir Nabokov, Josep Pla o Manuel Mejía Vallejo. This is the reason why this date was chosen by the UNESCO general conference as attribute to books and their authors and a day to encourage the youngster to discover the pleasure of reading.
The Idea of Book´s day arose from Catalonia. Vicente Clavel Andrés, a Valencian writer proposed the idea before the Official Book Chamber in Barcelona, and it was approved by Alfonso XIII, King of Spain in 1926. The first Book´s day celebration was on the 7th of October of 1926, but soon after in 1930 will be definitively established on the 23th of April. This date coincides with Saint George´s day, the patron saint of Germany, Aragon, Bulgaria, Catalonia, Ethiopia, Georgia, Greece, England, Lebanon, Lithuania, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovenia and Mexico and it is tradition to exchange a rose and a book between lovers and friends.